Forest logging along the Bohusleden trail

Photo: Olle Wängborg

Over half of Sweden's area is covered by forest. For Sweden, this is a great asset and many forest areas function as the cultivation or production of trees, which is regularly harvested. In such areas, all trees are almost the same age.

A completely natural and untouched forest is therefore very rare to see today. It contains forests of different types of trees and of different ages - young, old, and some are even dead. These remain and are broken down.

An untouched forest has a completely different biological diversity than a planted forest. Here many more species of animals, insects, birds and fungi, etc., thrive - species that are part of the delicate interaction that nature consists of and where many species are interdependent. Remove a species from this interaction and it affects so many more. An untouched forest also absorbs much more carbon dioxide than a production forest.

However, it is not a reality that all forest should be untouched, but it is important for the biodiversity to save the untouched forest that still remains.

Sometimes the forest burn. Paradoxically, it can also be good for biodiversity.

Some hikers find it boring to walk along stages where there are many logging areas. We can understand this, but also know that logging is a reality that we must accept and get used to. The forest must account for much of the ongoing restructuring of society.

The fact is that along the Bohusleden trail today it is much more wooded than it was a couple of hundred years ago.